What is an Education, Health and Care (EHC) plan and how do you help your students?


An Education, Health and Care (EHC) plan forms a key part of supporting pupils with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND). As an SEN teacher it is good to know what this involves and what will be expected of you.

It defines what support will be required by pupils to ensure they achieve their full potential and states what schools should do to give adequate assistance.

The plans will shape the support offered by an educational institution and schools can then work to ensure positive outcomes for the pupils concerned.

EHC plans are for young people and children – aged between 0 and 25 – who have special educational needs that require greater help than what is regularly provided in mainstream school settings.

It’s important to note that an EHC plan is only given if they have health and social care needs that influence their education.

Detailing needs and specialist requirements

A local authority will carry out an EHC needs assessment before granting an EHC plan; the plan will then detail a number of different needs and information.

Alongside the views, interests and aspirations of the child, the plan will include details of any special educational needs, as well as both health and social care requirements that relate to those needs.

It will detail the outcomes that are provided to deliver their education, as well as any potential budget requirements and information.

Broadly speaking, the SEND code of practice defines four main areas of special educational needs, including those that influence cognition and learning; social, emotional and mental health; sensory and physical needs; and communication and interaction.

An EHC plan will take these factors into account, and they should then be considered by SEN teachers when delivering lesson plans.

SEN teachers should act in accordance with the plan once it is in place and must ensure that resources are allocated appropriately.